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European Rivers That Pass Through Capitols

Several of Europe’s most beautiful and well-known cities are built on the banks of rivers. It is like this because being near a water source didn’t only mean that the local population will have an easy access to drinkable water but that the city will be able to part of a vast trade route that will allow it to prosper and grow. Here are several rivers that flow through some of Europe’s most important cities.


DanubeThe Danube is Europe’s second longest river after the Volga River. It flows through Central and Eastern Europe, and passes throughout a total of ten different countries. The river flows through four European capitals:

  • Vienna, Austria
  • Budapest, Hungary
  • Belgrade, Serbia
  • Bratislava, Slovakia

It has a length of 2.860 kilometers and plays an important role into the continents eco-system and commerce. The Danube originates in Germany and empties into the Black Sea. Also the cities through which it passes are known for their amazing riverfronts and vistas of the Danube.


The Sava River flows through several countries before it discharges into the aforementioned Danube. It is also 1.000 kilometers long and passes through three European capitals, Zagreb in Croatia, Belgrade in Serbia and Ljubljana in Slovenia. More than 60% of the river is located in Croatia and it plays an important part into the country’s trade as it is navigable for large vessels.


VltavaVltava may not be as long as the previous two rivers from our list but it passes through one of the continent’s most beautiful and visited cities, Prague. The river is 430 kilometres long and is entirely located in the Czech Republic. It flows through three cities and is known to be the Czech national river. The most noted crossing over the Vltava is Charles Bridge in Prague. The bridge dates back to the mid-14th century and is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful river crossing in Europe. It has a total length of approximately 515 metres and was designed by Peter Parler and mister Otto.

River Thames

The River Thames is known for being the watercourse that passes through the capital of England, London. It is 346 kilometers long and is the longest river in the country and the second longest in the United Kingdom after River Severn which despite being 354 kilometres long doesn’t flow through any major cities. The Thames has become a symbol of London throughout the centuries and today is the location of some of the city’s most beautiful areas and famous landmarks such as the London Eye, Westminster Palace, Tower of London, Tower Bridge and etc.

Spree and Havel

Both rivers pass through Berlin, the capital of Germany. Havel is 325 kilometres long and is navigable by both mid-sizes and large vessels. Spree is slight longer with a length of approximately 400 kilometres and is the original water source around which the city was built. Spree is home to Museum Island which is the location of the Bode Museum. The Oberhaum Bridge is undoubtedly the most famous crossing over the Spree.


Tagus is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula with a length of 1.038 kilometres. It flows through both Spain and Portugal, and pass throughout eight cities including the Portuguese capital, Lisbon. It is one of the most utilised rivers on the European continent and provides most of the drinkable water in Spain and Portugal. Also a large number of hydroelectric plants and dams are situated along the Tagus in order to power both countries.

Honourable mentions:

  • River Seine, Paris, France
  • River Kifissos, Athens, Greece
  • Tiber, Rome, Italy
  • Rhine, Vaduz, Liechtenstein
  • River Vistula, Warsaw, Poland
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